This handsome, three-story brick building, located on Main Street in China Grove, was built in 1903. It replaced an earlier frame mill building, which included a grist mill, a sawmill and a cotton gin. One of the last operating roller mills in the area, the China Grove Roller Mill was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1983. Since 1996 the South Rowan Historical Society operated the roller mill as a museum until it recently transferred the property to the Rowan Museum, Inc. The site will continue to be opened for tours and events.